Betula populifolia Marshall
Common Name: GRAY BIRCH
Coefficient of Conservatism: 4
Coefficient of Wetness: 0
Wetness Index: FAC
Physiognomy: Nt Tree
Status: SC

Moist to sandy open fields, forest edges, and edges of peatlands, in acid soils.

Evidently very local in Michigan. All records are relatively recent, but this is a native species of eastern North America and not commonly cultivated. It resembles the commonly escaped European white birch closely, but has tight bark not or little peeling, and leaves more narrowly tapered to a long-caudate tip. See Catling & Spicer (1988) for more details. Two collections from B. populifolia occurrences have been annotated by Catling as hybrids with B. pendula.


Ingham County
Jackson County
Livingston County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. June 26, 2022.