Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Moist to sandy open fields, forest edges, and edges of peatlands, in acid soils.
Evidently very local in Michigan. All records are relatively recent, but this is a native species of eastern North America and not commonly cultivated. It resembles the commonly escaped European white birch closely, but has tight bark not or little peeling, and leaves more narrowly tapered to a long-caudate tip. See Catling & Spicer (1988) for more details. Two collections from B. populifolia occurrences have been annotated by Catling as hybrids with B. pendula.