Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Deciduous forests and borders of forests, rarely in cedar swamps.
A familiar wildflower, forming large clonal colonies of deeply lobed, peltate leaves, whose umbrella-like aspect is emphasized as they emerge from the ground, neatly furled. Fertile plants bear a pair of cauline leaves, and similar vegetative leaves are common. Rarely a leafless flowering plant is found. The flower may be as broad as 7 cm. The large berry is generally considered edible, but other parts, especially the roots, contain a poisonous resin, which has some medicinal value.