Viola sagittata Aiton
Coefficient of Conservatism: 8
Coefficient of Wetness: 0
Wetness Index: FAC
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb

Viola sagittata var. ovata J. Ausmus var. ovata

Dry to moist sandy open ground or savannas; barrens, fields and meadows; often in transitional areas toward swamps and lakes. An old Keweenaw Co. record without data by Farwell is considered dubious, and not mapped.

The leaves vary from densely pubescent to glabrate, and the coarse teeth or short lobes at the base of the blade develop as the leaf matures, being much more prominent in summer. Included here as var. ovata (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray are Michigan plants, at least, of V. fimbriatula Sm. This is more pubescent than V. sagittata, with leaves more obscurely toothed and with shorter petioles. Such plants appear quite distinct, for example, on open sandy upper lake shores in the jack pine country, and have been recognized at species rank by Gil-Ad (1997). More work is needed to understand the distribution and distinctness of this entity in Michigan.


Allegan County
Arenac County
Bay County
Berrien County
Calhoun County
Clinton County
Crawford County
Hillsdale County
Huron County
Ingham County
Ionia County
Iosco County
Isabella County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
Lake County
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Monroe County
Montcalm County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ottawa County
Roscommon County
Saginaw County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. November 26, 2022.