Viola palmata L.
Common Name: WOOD VIOLET
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Coefficient of Wetness: 3
Wetness Index: FACU
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb

Viola palmata B. S. Walters

Dry oak, oak-hickory, or even beech-maple forests, prairies, and thickets between forests and prairies; in shaded ground on a limestone bluff in Delta Co., growing near V. pedatifida.

An extremely variable entity, often with many leaf forms on the same individual (at the same time or as the season progresses), treated as a broad complex to include Michigan plants previously referred to V. triloba Schwein. as well as V. subsinuata Greene, this is probably of hybrid origin with V. sagittata × sororia or V. pedatifida × V. sororia being the most likely primary crosses involved. The eager student should consult Ballard (1994) and Gil-ad (1997) for further information.


Barry County
Berrien County
Cass County
Clinton County
Delta County
Hillsdale County
Ingham County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Macomb County
Monroe County
Montcalm County
Oakland County
Osceola County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. November 26, 2022.