Populus nigra L.
Coefficient of Conservatism: *
Coefficient of Wetness: 5
Wetness Index: UPL
Physiognomy: Ad Tree

Locally established along roadsides, on shores and dunes, and in other disturbed sites. First collected in 1892 in St. Clair Co.

The cultivar “Italica” (Lombardy Poplar) is widely planted, a familiar tree of distinctive columnar shape resulting from the strongly ascending habit of the branches. Only staminate plants seem to be grown in Michigan. However, this poplar rapidly spreads to form colonies by root suckers, especially in sandy soils, and also from rooting of portions of the brittle branches. 

A hybrid with P. deltoides [P. ×canadensis Moench; Carolina poplar] is often planted; it has a few minute cilia on the leaf teeth, and has been collected as an escape in Berrien, Leelanau, Lenawee, Midland, Muskegon, and Oakland Cos.


Alpena County
Arenac County
    Only on Charity Island
Benzie County
Berrien County
Isabella County
Kalamazoo County
Lake County
Leelanau County
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Mackinac County
    Only on Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Missaukee County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Oscoda County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
St. Clair County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. November 29, 2022. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2616.