Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
B. S. Walters
Deciduous (oak-hickory or beech-maple) or mixed forests, especially in ± disturbed sites, such as roadsides, trails, banks, and clearings; moist thickets and shores; fields; marshy and swampy ground, sometimes under cedar or tamarack.
Easily recognized by the ± densely and conspicuously glandular axis of the inflorescence (with only very long spreading hairs in addition), pedicels, floral tubes, and lower leaf surfaces, together with the widely spreading or reflexed outer rows of hooked bristles on the floral tube.