Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Locally very common northward, often in somewhat disturbed areas. While sometimes in moist ground, usually in dry sandy or rocky open places such as shores, dunes, fields, roadsides and railroads; in dry savannas of aspens or mixed conifers and hardwoods, especially along borders and in clearings (following logging or fire) and on trails.
This is one of the few native American species that has become established as a weed of disturbed sites in Europe, where it is cultivated. It is also native in northeastern Asia. The gleaming white phyllaries spread in the aging heads, and plants make fine winter bouquets as the “everlasting” name suggests.
The leaves vary in density of white tomentum on the upper surface, which is sometimes fully green.