Pinus strobus L.
Common Name: WHITE PINE
Coefficient of Conservatism: 3
Coefficient of Wetness: 3
Wetness Index: FACU
Physiognomy: Nt Tree

Pinus strobus habit A. A. Reznicek habit

Often in mixed forests (“hemlock-white pine-northern hardwoods”) but also on sandy plains and dunes with red and sometimes jack pine, bogs with tamarack, in swamps (mixed or on banks, rather than deciduous swamps or floodplains), on rock ridges, and even in cedar swamps.

Records from Hillsdale, Jackson, Lenawee, Washtenaw, and Wayne Cos. are likely of plants spreading from cultivated trees.

The familiar and important white pine is the official state tree of Michigan. It is a fitting designation, for this was the backbone of the lumber industry, particularly in the last quarter of the 19th century, when Michigan led the nation in lumber production. Here were the finest stands of this species in the world: trees attaining at their best 1.5–2.1 m in diameter and 45–60 m in height (although usually smaller). The tallest "big tree" of this species recorded at present is an individual just under 42 m tall in Ontonagon Co.

Branches at the top of tall trees in exposed situations are generally bent away from the direction of the prevailing winds, producing a characteristic and picturesque shape, which makes it possible to recognize white pine even at a distance or in silhouette along shores and dunes or towering above a forest canopy.

The needles of white pine are lighter in color, softer in texture, finer and less stiff than those of our other species.


Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Alpena County
Antrim County
Arenac County
Baraga County
Barry County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Calhoun County
Cass County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
    Including Drummond Island
Clare County
Crawford County
Delta County
Dickinson County
Emmet County
Genesee County
Gladwin County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Houghton County
Huron County
Ingham County
Iosco County
Iron County
Isabella County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Fox Islands
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Luce County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Macomb County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Montcalm County
Montmorency County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Ontonagon County
Osceola County
Oscoda County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Roscommon County
Saginaw County
Schoolcraft County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 2, 2022.