Pinus banksiana Lamb.
Common Name: JACK PINE
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Coefficient of Wetness: 3
Wetness Index: FACU
Physiognomy: Nt Tree

Pinus banksiana cones A. A. Reznicek cones

Most often a rather scrubby tree, often occurring mixed with some oak, in forests or savanna on dry sandy soil, as in the vast areas of jack pine plains in the north central Lower Peninsula. Locally it also occurs in boggy situations with leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne) as well as on barren rocky sites (e.g., Isle Royale). Occurring mostly near the Great Lakes shores south of the middle of the Lower Peninsula.

It has been estimated that jack pine predominates on perhaps half a million hectares of forest in Michigan, over half of it in the northern Lower Peninsula, where certain restricted areas of young growth are the home of our most famous bird, the Kirtland’s or “Jack Pine” Warbler, which breeds nowhere else in the world.

Jack pine is commonly used for plantations in southern Michigan, and occasional more or less recent specimens from Kent, Lapeer, Livingston, Saginaw, and Tuscola Cos. are likely spread from plantings.


Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Alpena County
Antrim County
Arenac County
Baraga County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Charlevoix County
    Only on Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
    Including Drummond Island
Clare County
Crawford County
Delta County
Dickinson County
Emmet County
Gladwin County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Houghton County
Huron County
Iosco County
Iron County
Isabella County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Manitou Islands
Luce County
Mackinac County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Missaukee County
Montmorency County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Osceola County
Oscoda County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Roscommon County
Saginaw County
Sanilac County
Schoolcraft County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Wexford County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 3, 2022.