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Epifagus virginiana (L.) Bart.
Common Name: BEECH-DROPS
Coefficient of Conservatism: 10
Coefficient of Wetness: 5
Wetness Index: UPL
Physiognomy: Nt A-Forb

In forests with beech (and usually other trees, such as sugar maple, hemlock, oak). Beech-drops is often said to grow “under” beech (Fagus), but that is a half-truth; more importantly, as its generic name declares, it grows over (upon) the roots of beech, its only known host plant.

Blooming in late summer (late August–September), the dead dry stems of the previous season are reasonably conspicuous through the winter and into the next summer. Most of the flowers are usually cleistogamous (setting fruit in the bud), but nearly always there are at least a few open (chasmogamous) flowers toward the ends of the flowering branches. Simple stems are usually recognized in the field as depauperate individuals of a population; most plants are branched, the flowering portion occupying more than half the height, which may be as tall as 60 cm. Like Corallorhiza maculata, this species produces various color forms besides the most common reddish purple to brownish form (including stripes on the chasmogamous flowers), including forms that were yellow with white flowers, “ivory white,” and “cream colored.”


Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Antrim County
Arenac County
Barry County
Bay County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Branch County
Calhoun County
Cass County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
    Including Drummond Island
Clare County
Clinton County
Crawford County
Delta County
Eaton County
Emmet County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Ingham County
Isabella County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Lake County
Leelanau County
    Including Fox Islands
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Luce County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Macomb County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Montcalm County
Montmorency County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Saginaw County
Sanilac County
Schoolcraft County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County
Wexford County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. January 30, 2023.