Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Rich deciduous forests, often on sandy soils.
A fine tree, easily distinguished by its leaves (basically 4-angled or with 4 acute lobes, the apex with an obtuse angular sinus), dry cone-like fruit, and large flowers in early summer. It is often planted as a shade tree.
The national champion, and the tallest tree then known in Michigan, in Cass Co., 62 m tall and 2.3 m in diameter, was toppled by a windstorm in May of 1984. The present "big tree," also in Cass Co. is slightly over 42 m tall, and still the tallest tre recorded in the State, jut barely taller than the Stae champion Pinus strobus.