Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
STONEROOT, HORSE-BALM, RICHWEED
Oak-hickory and sassafras or, more often, rich beech-maple or even deciduous swamps.
A stout plant (to 1.5 m tall), large-leaved, from a large hard rhizome. The flowers and crushed foliage have a strong lemon-like fragrance. Perilla frutescens is sometimes mistaken as this species, but is annual and has white to pink corollas (not yellow), with 4 stamens (not exserted), large bracts, and generally shorter pedicels.