Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
B. S. Walters
An Asian species, planted for ornament or wildlife habitat and too freely escaping to roadsides, forests, fields, filled land, gravel pits, and almost anywhere, even though not collected in the state until 1939 (Kalamazoo Co.). Thoroughly established as a terrible weed in much of southern Michigan, and still rapidly spreading in both dry and wet habitats.
The fruit is red and juicy when ripe. The leaves are green or nearly so above, especially when mature, and usually more broadly elliptic to ovate than in E. angustifolia.
Elaeagnus commutata Rydb. is native in northeastern North America, south to Lake Superior, but has not yet been found in Michigan. It differs from E. umbellata in having dry mealy fruit, and leaves ± silvery above even when mature; it also has a shorter floral tube, but the rust-brown scales mixed with silvery ones and the habitat in natural communities should distinguish it from E. angustifolia.