Juniperus virginiana L.
Common Name: RED-CEDAR
Coefficient of Conservatism: 3
Coefficient of Wetness: 3
Wetness Index: FACU
Physiognomy: Nt Tree

Stabilized sand dunes, lake shores, open deciduous forests, especially, oak-hickory, and even swamps and open wetlands; but most characteristic, especially in the southeastern Lower Peninsula, of old fields and hillsides in open juniper savannas with J. communis. It is not certain whether any of the collections north of Newaygo Co. represent native plants.

Red-cedar is probably more common and widespread in Michigan now than it was before the clearing of the landscape. Both this species and J. horizontalis have sharp awl-like leaves on the young growth and seedlings (or sometimes after injury), while the leaves on old growth are scale-like and overlapping.

Normally a small, early successional tree, Juniperus virginiana can be long-lived if not overtopped and shaded; the State champion was 20 m tall and about 1 m in diameter in 2003.  


Allegan County
Barry County
Berrien County
Calhoun County
Cass County
Clare County
Clinton County
Eaton County
Genesee County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Ingham County
Isabella County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Only on Fox Islands
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Monroe County
Montcalm County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Ottawa County
Shiawassee County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. October 6, 2022.