Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Along railways. An introduction from farther west, our single collection of this non- or slightly twining species is from Eloise, Wayne Co., where gathered by O. A. Farwell in 1931.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. October 27, 2021. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=845.