Maianthemum trifolium (L.) Sloboda
Synonym: Smilacina trifolia
Coefficient of Conservatism: 10
Coefficient of Wetness: -5
Wetness Index: OBL
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb

Smilacina trifolia of Michigan Flora.

Bogs and coniferous swamps, especially along brooks, springs, and wet areas.

The flower is white, the berry red (although mature fruit is less often seen in this species than the others). Sometimes confused with M. canadense but readily distinguished from that species, even in the absence of flowers, by the more tapering leaf bases. In M. canadense the leaves, especially the lower ones, are definitely cordate; var. interius, furthermore, differs from M. trifolium in being pubescent.


Alcona County
Alger County
Antrim County
Baraga County
Bay County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
Clare County
Crawford County
Delta County
Dickinson County
Eaton County
Emmet County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Houghton County
Ingham County
Iron County
Isabella County
Kalamazoo County
Kalkaska County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
Luce County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Menominee County
Midland County
Montcalm County
Montmorency County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Ontonagon County
Oscoda County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Roscommon County
Sanilac County
Schoolcraft County
St. Clair County
Washtenaw County
Wexford County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 4, 2022.