Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
G. E. Crow
Smilacina trifolia of Michigan Flora.
Bogs and coniferous swamps, especially along brooks, springs, and wet areas.
The flower is white, the berry red (although mature fruit is less often seen in this species than the others). Sometimes confused with M. canadense but readily distinguished from that species, even in the absence of flowers, by the more tapering leaf bases. In M. canadense the leaves, especially the lower ones, are definitely cordate; var. interius, furthermore, differs from M. trifolium in being pubescent.