Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Sandy, barren, open ground; dry fields and bluffs; sometimes in moister sites; savanna with oak, pine, sassafras, especially at clearings, trails, roads; occasionally a garden weed. The O. A. Farwell Houghton Co. collection in 1935 was from “Vicinity Lake Linden cemetery incline.”
Rarely the stems are lax and sprawling rather than erect. The leaves are short-ovate or even nearly reniform, with a few coarse teeth, and are very different from the ovate-elliptic ± acuminate leaves of Campanulastrum americanum, which also has ± rotate corollas but grows in rich habitats and has larger flowers (corolla lobes ca. (7–) 8–13 mm long, compared to 6–8 mm in Triodanis).