Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Usually in moist (sometimes dry), often disturbed, ground: roadsides, ditches, borrow pits; trails, openings, and utility line clearings in deciduous forests; fields and meadows; river banks, swamp borders.
Even young or depauperate plants with leaves as narrow as in L. kalmii and L. erinus can be distinguished by the long, irregular hairs at the base of the stem. Furthermore, in L. inflata and L. spicata the minute bracteoles are at the base of the pedicel; in L. kalmii they are near the middle, and in L. erinus they are absent.