Hydrophyllum virginianum L.
Coefficient of Conservatism: 4
Coefficient of Wetness: 0
Wetness Index: FAC
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb

Hydrophyllum virginianum flowers B. S. Walters flowers

Rich deciduous forests, thickets, and even marshy places; often in the same forests as the other two species but generally blooming before either of them.

The pubescence of the inflorescence and stem of this species tends to be much more appressed than it is in the other two species. The flowers are either white or purplish.

Though the Upper Peninsula records are from rich hardwoods, the one northernmost Lower Peninsula occurrence, from Emmet Co. was from a "millyard" at Pellston, in 1917, and may have been an inadvertent introduction perhaps through transported logging equipment.


Alger County
Allegan County
Berrien County
Branch County
Eaton County
Emmet County
Genesee County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Ingham County
Ionia County
Isabella County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
Lenawee County
Mackinac County
Macomb County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Monroe County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Osceola County
Ottawa County
Sanilac County
Shiawassee County
St. Clair County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. October 20, 2021. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=575.