Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
A. A. Reznicek
Rich deciduous forests (beech, maple, etc.), especially in moist areas and ravines, blooming in late spring.
The distinct reflexed appendages between the calyx lobes in this species, along with the pubescence, which is consistently spreading and of two very different lengths, make recognition relatively easy. This species is a biennial, with slender taproot, and lacks the stout, ± knotty, elongate rhizomes of the other two, perennial species. The flowers are some shade of blue, purple, or even pink, rarely white.
The only Upper Peninsula record is one collected in 1899, in a bound herbarium of plants collected at Escanaba, Delta Co., by P. Herminegild (MICH), but there seems to be no reason for doubting it.