Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
EUROPEAN WHITE BIRCH
R. W. Smith
A European species locally established, presumably as an escape from cultivation, in fields, swamps, bogs, and elsewhere, mostly in sandy or peaty soils. First collected in 1904 in Wayne Co.
Sometimes forming dense stands over large areas. “Cut-leaved” forms are sometimes cultivated, but most of the collections from wild plants have normal leaves.