Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Dry sandy prairie remnants, fields, hillsides; savannas and barrens with jack pine, oak, aspen; associated roadsides and railroads; survives fire, clearing, and mowing.
Our plants are all var. nieuwlandii (Lunell) E. G. Voss.
The Keweenaw Co. record (Farwell 1826 in 1904) is far out of range and may be the result of a label error.