Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Our few specimens are from a sandy oak forests and a disturbed cottonwood thicket.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. July 23, 2018. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=386.