Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Collected from a disturbed forest on dunes, this large, showy species, with broad basal leaves in a rosette and umbels of attractive purple flowers, is commonly cultivated, and was described from cultivated material. Perhaps a cultigen of hybrid origin; the group of species to which this belongs is mostly native to the mountains of southwest and central Asia.
First collected by W.S. Martinus in 2018 from Ottawa Co.; this spreads readily in garden settings and has also been collected as an escape in Minnesota (see Schimpf et al., 2007, which also has a more detailed discussion of the species).