Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
A native of Europe, eastern Asia and North Africa, but becoming widespread as a weed of roadsides and disturbed, sunny areas in the eastern US; recently reaching Michigan where first found in Berrien Co. by R. Tatina in 2015. As presently construed, Galium is paraphyletic, and probably needs to be divided into several genera, as discussed by Ehrendorfer & Barfuss (2014). This plant would then be known as Cruciata pedemontana (Bellardi) Ehrend. See Tatina (2015) for more details.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. July 23, 2021. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2931.