Viola affinis Le Conte
Coefficient of Conservatism: 2
Coefficient of Wetness: -3
Wetness Index: FACW
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb

Moist to swampy deciduous forests and thickets, river banks, meadows.

A rather difficult species to define, and perhaps dubiously distinct from V. sororia, with which it is apparently prone to hybridize, at least in this region. Plants with some pubescence or more rounded sepals or leaves than usual approach V. sororia and may be hybrids. Those with ciliate sepals have been the basis for some reports of V. septentrionalis Greene from Michigan. Hybrids with V. cucullata also apparently occur rarely.


Antrim County
Arenac County
Baraga County
Barry County
Berrien County
Calhoun County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
Clare County
Crawford County
Delta County
Gogebic County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Huron County
Ingham County
Isabella County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
Leelanau County
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Macomb County
Marquette County
Midland County
Monroe County
Oakland County
Ottawa County
Saginaw County
Sanilac County
St. Clair County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. November 26, 2022.