Taxus canadensis Marshall
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Coefficient of Wetness: 3
Wetness Index: FACU
Physiognomy: Nt Shrub

Taxus canadensis in forest understory A. A. Reznicek in forest understory

Rich often swampy forests: deciduous, mixed, or coniferous (hemlock, white pine, fir, and especially cedar), often thriving on banks and in ravines; favored by the moist winds from Lake Michigan and often luxuriant on forested dunes and in coniferous forests near the shore.

This is heavily browsed by deer and moose in Michigan, and has become scarce and represented by deformed, heavily browsed plants, or essentially absent in parts of the state due to severe deer browsing. In areas free from deer browsing, large clones with arching stems, branching in one plane, to 2 m tall can be frequent, sometimes to the point of making walking nearly impossible. In very rare cases, isolated stems can be up to up to 4.6 m tall, though still mantaining the characteristic arched form and branching pattern of the species. See Fawcett & Reznicek (2018), for more information.


Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Alpena County
Antrim County
Arenac County
Baraga County
Barry County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Cass County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
Clare County
Crawford County
Delta County
Dickinson County
Eaton County
Emmet County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Houghton County
Huron County
Iosco County
Kalkaska County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Fox Islands
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Luce County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Macomb County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Menominee County
Midland County
Missaukee County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Ontonagon County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Roscommon County
Schoolcraft County
St. Clair County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wexford County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. November 29, 2022.