Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
DEADLY NIGHTSHADE, BELLADONNA
R. W. Smith
Native of the Old World, cultivated as a drug plant (though no longer much in the United States), and very rarely escaped. Collected only in Detroit (Wayne Co.) in 1894 and Ann Arbor (Washtenaw Co.) in 1931. The sap is red and the berry a glossy black in this perennial and very poisonous species.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. October 27, 2020. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2693.