Populus balsamifera L.
Coefficient of Conservatism: 2
Coefficient of Wetness: -3
Wetness Index: FACW
Physiognomy: Nt Tree

Populus balsamifera A. A. Reznicek

Sandy shores, dunes, and interdunal hollows; swamps and cedar swamps; often spreading vigorously in moist hollows, swamp borders, and cutover forests, forming large thickets.

The leaves of this species are rather shiny, especially when young, and rather strongly whitened or yellowish beneath. The margins of the blades, petioles, and bases of main veins are sometimes minutely puberulent, but the foliage is otherwise glabrous. Buds and twigs are reddish brown, in contrast with P. deltoides, in which they are yellowish brown.

Populus ×jackii Sarg. is an occasional hybrid of P. balsamifera and P. deltoides; it typically has foliage with hints of the whitened or yellowish color noted above for P. balsamifera, but with broad, ± deltoid leaves with the base of the blade subcordate and ± flattened petioles. It is known from Cass, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Emmet, Gladwin, Manistee, Mason, Osceola, St. Joseph, and Van Buren Cos., and seems especially prevalent on dunes and beaches; sometimes occurring without one or both of its parents.


Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Alpena County
Antrim County
Arenac County
    Including Charity Island
Baraga County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Cass County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
    Including Drummond Island
Clare County
Crawford County
Delta County
Dickinson County
Emmet County
Gladwin County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Houghton County
Huron County
Ingham County
Ionia County
Iosco County
Iron County
Isabella County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Fox Islands
    Including Manitou Islands
Livingston County
Luce County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Montmorency County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Ontonagon County
Osceola County
Oscoda County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Roscommon County
Saginaw County
Sanilac County
Schoolcraft County
St. Clair County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. November 30, 2022. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2612.