Prunus virginiana L.
Coefficient of Conservatism: 2
Coefficient of Wetness: 3
Wetness Index: FACU
Physiognomy: Nt Shrub

Almost everywhere except wet ground. Even more than P. serotina, a species of fencerows and roadsides, dry open rocky and sandy ground, shores and openings, as well as dune thickets, jack pine plains, and river banks; often at borders of forests and in open forests, but not an important forest species.

The leaves are usually glabrous beneath. If there is pubescence along the midrib or in tufts in axils of the lateral veins, it extends out along the lateral veins instead of being restricted to the midrib as in P. serotina. The veinlets form a characteristic fine network of very small areas. Choke cherry is a shrub or at best a small tree. The fruit, deep red-purple when ripe, nearly or quite as dark as in P. serotina, is extremely astringent, puckering the mouth of anyone who experiments with it.

The European Prunus padus is sometimes cultivated, and known as an escape in some adjacent parts of the United States, though not yet in Michigan. It is like P. virginiana, but with larger petals (definitely longer than the stamens).


Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Alpena County
Antrim County
Arenac County
Baraga County
Barry County
Bay County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Calhoun County
Cass County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
    Including Drummond Island
Clare County
Clinton County
Crawford County
Delta County
Dickinson County
Eaton County
Emmet County
Genesee County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Houghton County
Huron County
Ingham County
Ionia County
Iosco County
Iron County
Isabella County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Fox Islands
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Luce County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Macomb County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Missaukee County
Monroe County
Montcalm County
Montmorency County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Ontonagon County
Osceola County
Oscoda County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Saginaw County
Sanilac County
Schoolcraft County
Shiawassee County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 3, 2022.