Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Thickets, fencerows, roadsides, fields, pastures; borders of forests, stream valleys, river bluffs.
Occasional plants occur with the fruit bright yellow rather than red or orange-red [f. xanthocarpa Sarg.] This species closely resembles C. dodgei, and sometimes the two can be safely distinguished only by the stamen number. Although the thorns are usually relatively short, if present at all, on a shoot of one specimen seen they are as long as 8 cm.