Bidens comosa (A. Gray) Wiegand
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Coefficient of Wetness: -3
Wetness Index: FACW
Physiognomy: Nt A-Forb

In the usual habitats for this genus, including shores, ditches, mudflats, floodplains, and other moist ground.

Dry specimens are sometimes difficult to distinguish from B. connata, but the species has a distinctive aspect in the field. Bidens comosa is said to have the anthers pale, included in the pale yellow disk corollas, in contrast to blackish anthers in B. connata, exserted beyond the orange disk corollas. The outer phyllaries in B. comosa are large and foliaceous, usually much exceeding the disk; in B. connata they tend to be smaller, fewer, and more linear, but this distinction is poorly defined.

This species and B. connata are sometimes included in the Eurasian B. tripartita L., and sometimes only one or the other of them is so included. The relationships are obviously close, but Michigan plants seem separable.


Alger County
Allegan County
Berrien County
Gratiot County
Ingham County
Kalamazoo County
Kent County
Lenawee County
Mecosta County
Monroe County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
St. Clair County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. October 22, 2021.