Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Dry fields and roadsides. A distinctive, though rarely established native of Eurasia. First collected in 1892 in Jackson Co.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. August 19, 2022. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2407.