Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Especially characteristic of cedar swamps, but occurs in a diversity of moist forests and banks, usually under conifers, often in moss.
A very easily recognized plant at any time of the year, by the trifoliolate evergreen leaves, absence of a leafy stem, and slender bright yellow-orange rhizome. The flowers, in early spring, are less than 2 cm in diameter, with conspicuous white sepals (sometimes a little pinkish on the back) and relatively inconspicuous spatulate, clavate, or knob-tipped nectariferous petals (or staminodia). The peculiar stalks of the carpels begin to elongate during anthesis, and the umbel-like cluster of stalked follicles is distinctive in summer, when even the mature scape is seldom much over 12 cm tall.