Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
Native of eastern Europe and Asia Minor but frequently cultivated and rarely found as an escape in disturbed sites. First collected in 1942 in Ottawa Co.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. October 27, 2020. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=206.