Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Collected in 1966 on a dry hillside in the Kellogg Bird Sanctuary, Kalamazoo Co.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. November 12, 2019. https://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2059.