Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
EUROPEAN HIGHBUSH-CRANBERRY, GUELDER-ROSE
B. S. Walters
Introduced from Europe into dry roadsides, ditch banks, fields, thickets, and edges of forests; often near habitation and first collected in 1926 in Houghton Co.
Often cultivated, including a cultivar with all the flowers enlarged and sterile (“Snowball Bush”), this only rarely escaped. The ripe fruit is red and about the size of a small cranberry, but said to be more bitter than V. trilobum. See discussion under V. trilobum.