Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Open sandy or rocky ground, dunes, sandy open forests (jack pine, aspen), edges of coniferous forests, in fens; often thriving along grassy roadsides and in clearings.
One of our finest wildflowers. Plants may have as many as 5 flowers (very rarely -7), although fewer (often only 1) are usual. The flowers are normally orange to nearly red, but the yellow-flowered form [f. flaviflorum E. F. Williams] has been found very rarely in Michigan. A form with the tepals unspotted as well as yellow [f. immaculatum Raup] has been collected at West Bluff in Keweenaw Co.