Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Typically in dry, usually sandy savanna and forest with oak, aspen, and pines, but also sometimes associated with beech, maple, and/or hemlock and in swamps of cedar or other conifers. Very local southward.
The exquisitely fragrant flowers, in dense clusters, often nearly hidden on the ground beneath the leaves of this and other plants, open early in the spring, by mid-April or mid-May depending on season and latitude, with some lingering till the first of June in late seasons. The corollas are white to pink, the pink shade intensifying with age. The stem, petioles, and usually leaf blades (especially on margins and veins beneath) are ± shaggy with stiff rusty-brown hairs.