Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Rare, in open, wet deciduous forests on floodplains, river banks, and floodplain marshes and meadows; closely associated with larger rivers and their tributaries.
When fruit is mature, the distinctive tall vegetative shoots (which are true stems with nodes and internodes) overtop and conceal the shorter fertile stems. But not infrequently, colonies are entirely vegetative, The species is nevertheless easily recognized because of the unique vegetative stems with shiny, thickened, red-purple zones at each sheath apex.