Please try our next iteration of the Michigan Flora Online here. Beginning on February 1, 2023, will point to this new site.

The new site offers several benefits over the existing website, including real coordinate mapping, giving a clearer view of the density of documentation as well as more precision about plant distributions and their link to landforms. We will also have the ability to update species pages more regularly, both in terms of new collections and as more existing Michigan specimens are georeferenced. In addition, we have a better photo display, and offer indented keys.


1. Leaflets 3, with 3–6 large teeth per side; flowers in small (ca. 1 cm) dense inflorescences on short lateral shoots (± coalescing in fruit), opening before the leaves.

R. aromatica

1. Leaflets 7–23, entire or with 6–15 teeth per side; flowers in large inflorescences, opening after the leaves.

2. Rachis ± winged, especially between distal leaflets; leaflets usually entire, occasionally with scattered teeth near the apex, rarely more toothed.

R. copallina

2. Rachis not winged; leaflets toothed to the base.

3. Petioles and new branches glabrous or nearly so; hairs on fruit less than 0.5 mm long, mostly clavate to obovoid; leaflets glabrous beneath (or with a few hairs) [see text for intermediate plants].

R. glabra

3. Petioles and new branches with ± dense pubescence including many long (mostly 1–2 mm) straight hairs; hairs on fruit mostly 1–2 mm long, tapering to a sharp point (very short obovoid hairs may also be present); leaflets pubescent beneath, at least on veins.

R. typhina

All species found in Rhus

Rhus aromaticaFRAGRANT SUMAC 
Rhus glabraSMOOTH SUMAC 


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. February 1, 2023.