Please try our next iteration of the Michigan Flora Online here. Beginning on February 1, 2023, will point to this new site.

The new site offers several benefits over the existing website, including real coordinate mapping, giving a clearer view of the density of documentation as well as more precision about plant distributions and their link to landforms. We will also have the ability to update species pages more regularly, both in terms of new collections and as more existing Michigan specimens are georeferenced. In addition, we have a better photo display, and offer indented keys.


1. Flowers at least partly (except on depauperate plants) in dense axillary whorls; corolla yellowish, dotted with purple, the upper lip strongly arched.

M. punctata

1. Flowers all in terminal heads at ends of main stem and branches; corolla bluish, purplish, or red, the upper lip ± straight on top at maturity.

2. Corolla 31–45 mm long, bright red, the upper lip glabrate (especially toward tip) or sparsely pubescent; calyx glabrate at throat (summit of tube within); bracts tinged with red.

M. didyma

2. Corolla less than 30 mm long, lavender to white, calyx densely bearded at throat (the hairs conspicuous between the teeth); bracts usually greenish.

3. Upper lip glabrous to ± pubescent, but hairs at the tip, if present, no longer than the rest.

M. clinopodia

3. Upper lip densely pubescent with a sparse to dense tuft of long, white hairs at tip.

M. fistulosa

All species found in Monarda

Monarda clinopodiaWHITE BERGAMOT 
Monarda didymaOSWEGO-TEA, BEE-BALM 
Monarda fistulosaWILD-BERGAMOT 
Monarda punctataDOTTED MINT, HORSE MINT 


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. January 29, 2023.