1. Flowers at least partly (except on depauperate plants) in dense axillary whorls; corolla yellowish, dotted with purple, the upper lip strongly arched.
1. Flowers all in terminal heads at ends of main stem and branches; corolla bluish, purplish, or red, the upper lip ± straight on top at maturity.
2. Corolla 31–45 mm long, bright red, the upper lip glabrate (especially toward tip) or sparsely pubescent; calyx glabrate at throat (summit of tube within); bracts tinged with red.
2. Corolla less than 30 mm long, lavender to white, calyx densely bearded at throat (the hairs conspicuous between the teeth); bracts usually greenish.
3. Upper lip glabrous to ± pubescent, but hairs at the tip, if present, no longer than the rest.
3. Upper lip densely pubescent with a sparse to dense tuft of long, white hairs at tip.
All species found in Monarda
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. September 25, 2022. https://michiganflora.net/genus.aspx?id=Monarda.