Please try our next iteration of the Michigan Flora Online here. Beginning on February 1, 2023, will point to this new site.

The new site offers several benefits over the existing website, including real coordinate mapping, giving a clearer view of the density of documentation as well as more precision about plant distributions and their link to landforms. We will also have the ability to update species pages more regularly, both in terms of new collections and as more existing Michigan specimens are georeferenced. In addition, we have a better photo display, and offer indented keys.


1. Blades of mid- and upper (if not lower) cauline leaves divided below the middle into coarsely toothed to pinnatifid lobes.

2. Pedicels and outside of calyx with many short stellate hairs sometimes overtopped by longer simple hairs; bractlets subtending calyx at most 3 times as long as broad.

M. alcea

2. Pedicels and outside of calyx with only simple hairs (rarely a few stellate ones); bractlets subtending calyx usually 3–5 times as long as broad.

M. moschata

1. Blades of all leaves shallowly (if at all) divided or lobed (less than halfway to their base).

3. Petals ca. 15–24 mm long, deep pink to purple; bractlets subtending calyx oblong-ovate, less than 3 times as long as broad.

M. sylvestris

3. Petals less than 15 mm long, white (sometimes with pinkish veins, tips, or shading); bractlets subtending calyx more than 3 times as long as broad.

4. Leaf blades undulate or puckered along the margin; most flowers sessile or nearly so; stems erect.

M. verticillata

4. Leaf blades flat; most flowers at anthesis on pedicels longer than the calyx; stems ± prostrate or ascending.

5. Petals at least 1.5–2 times as long as the sepals; carpels 12–14 (–15), at maturity smooth (or very obscurely reticulate) and short-pubescent on the outer surface.

M. neglecta

5. Petals barely if at all exceeding the sepals; carpels 9–11, at maturity strongly reticulate and glabrate on the outer surface.

M. pusilla

All species found in Malva

Malva moschataMUSK MALLOW 
Malva sylvestrisHIGH MALLOW 
Malva verticillataCURLED MALLOW 


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. February 1, 2023.