Please try our next iteration of the Michigan Flora Online here. Beginning on February 1, 2023, will point to this new site.

The new site offers several benefits over the existing website, including real coordinate mapping, giving a clearer view of the density of documentation as well as more precision about plant distributions and their link to landforms. We will also have the ability to update species pages more regularly, both in terms of new collections and as more existing Michigan specimens are georeferenced. In addition, we have a better photo display, and offer indented keys.


Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze (Malaxis paludosa (L.) Sw.) is known from northern Minnesota and the Lake Superior region of Ontario, and could well occur in bogs and conifer swamps in northernmost Michigan. It is even smaller than either of our two species, but has 2–3 leaves.

1. Lip narrowly pointed at apex; raceme slender, elongate; pedicels 1–2 (–3) mm long.

M. monophyllos

1. Lip 2-lobed at apex (with an indistinct central tooth); raceme thickish, usually ± condensed and flattened or rounded at top; pedicels at maturity 3.5–8 mm long.

M. unifolia

All species found in Malaxis

Malaxis monophyllosWHITE ADDER'S-MOUTH 
Malaxis unifoliaGREEN ADDER'S-MOUTH 


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. January 29, 2023.