Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze (Malaxis paludosa (L.) Sw.) is known from northern Minnesota and the Lake Superior region of Ontario, and could well occur in bogs and conifer swamps in northernmost Michigan. It is even smaller than either of our two species, but has 2–3 leaves.
1. Lip narrowly pointed at apex; raceme slender, elongate; pedicels 1–2 (–3) mm long.
1. Lip 2-lobed at apex (with an indistinct central tooth); raceme thickish, usually ± condensed and flattened or rounded at top; pedicels at maturity 3.5–8 mm long.
All species found in Malaxis
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. September 25, 2020. https://michiganflora.net/genus.aspx?id=Malaxis.