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The common name comes not from any pollen allergy that hay-fever victims might suffer (for wind-pollination is not characteristic of plants with showy flowers), but from use of the dried, pulverized heads to make a snuff that promotes sneezing.

1. Leaves very numerous, crowded, less than 2 mm broad; stems not winged (may be angled or ridged); annual.

H. amarum

1. Leaves not crowded, broader; stem with green wings the length of the internodes; perennial.

2. Disk corollas with 5 yellow lobes; ray flowers pistillate.

H. autumnale

2. Disk corollas with 4 brown or purple lobes; ray flowers sterile.

H. flexuosum

All species found in Helenium

Helenium autumnaleSNEEZEWEED 
Helenium flexuosumSNEEZEWEED 


MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. September 25, 2022. https://michiganflora.net/genus.aspx?id=Helenium.