1. Stem herbaceous, unbranched; leaves sessile, pubescent; fruit a dryish drupe (with 3 pits).


1. Stem woody, branched; leaves in most species at least short-petioled, glabrous or pubescent; fruit a fleshy drupe (with 2 pits) or several-seeded berry.

2. Corolla over 1 cm long, with prolonged tube, bilaterally symmetrical; fruit a berry, yellow to red or blue to purple-black.


2. Corolla less than 1 cm long, bell-shaped, regular or nearly so; fruit a white drupe with 2 pits (red to purple in 1 occasionally escaped species).



MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. September 25, 2022.