Cornus canadensis L.
Common Name: BUNCHBERRY, DWARF CORNEL
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Coefficient of Wetness: 0
Wetness Index: FAC
Physiognomy: Nt Shrub

Coniferous and mixed forests and swamps (especially cedar); jack pine plains (except in the driest sites); not often in strictly deciduous forests (except for young aspen-birch stands); very local (bogs and tamarack swamps) at the southern edge of its range in the state.

Often there is a pair of small, opposite leaves on the stem below the conspicuous single whorl, which normally consists of six leaves on fertile stems and usually four leaves on vegetative ones. Bunchberry blooms usually in late spring, but may be held back as long as a month at cold exposed sites, such as Whitefish Point, where there can be striking displays of plants in full bloom as late as the first of July. By summer’s end one sees the distinctive dense clusters of red fruit, which suggest the common name.

Locations

Alcona County
Alger County
Alpena County
Antrim County
Arenac County
Baraga County
Barry County
Bay County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Cass County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
    Including Drummond Island
Clare County
Clinton County
Crawford County
Delta County
Dickinson County
Emmet County
Gladwin County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Houghton County
Huron County
Ingham County
Iosco County
Iron County
Isabella County
Kalamazoo County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
    Including Manitou Islands
Luce County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Missaukee County
Montcalm County
Montmorency County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Ontonagon County
Osceola County
Oscoda County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Roscommon County
Saginaw County
Sanilac County
Schoolcraft County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wexford County

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 14, 2017. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=865.