Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
BUNCHBERRY, DWARF CORNEL
Coniferous and mixed forests and swamps (especially cedar); jack pine plains (except in the driest sites); not often in strictly deciduous forests (except for young aspen-birch stands); very local (bogs and tamarack swamps) at the southern edge of its range in the state.
Often there is a pair of small, opposite leaves on the stem below the conspicuous single whorl, which normally consists of six leaves on fertile stems and usually four leaves on vegetative ones. Bunchberry blooms usually in late spring, but may be held back as long as a month at cold exposed sites, such as Whitefish Point, where there can be striking displays of plants in full bloom as late as the first of July. By summer’s end one sees the distinctive dense clusters of red fruit, which suggest the common name.