Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro
Common Name: OSTRICH FERN

Coefficient of Conservatism: 3
Coefficient of Wetness: 0
Wetness Index: FAC
Physiognomy: Nt Fern

Moist to wet deciduous or mixed conifer-hardwood forests, especially abundant on river bottoms and along streams, sometimes persisting in the open after clearing. This is a very tall fern with vegetative leaves sometimes to 2 m tall that grow in a symmetrical, vase like form; the fertile leaves are much smaller and brown. It spreads by long-creeping rhizomes to form large colonies that are a characteristic feature of many wet forests, but especially of bottomland forests. Young crosiers are the edible fiddleheads of commerce.

Locations

Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Alpena County
Antrim County
Arenac County
Baraga County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Calhoun County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
    Including Drummond Island
Clare County
Delta County
Dickinson County
Emmet County
Gogebic County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Houghton County
Iron County
Isabella County
Kalamazoo County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Keweenaw County
    Including Isle Royale
Leelanau County
    Including Fox Islands
    Including Manitou Islands
Lenawee County
Luce County
Mackinac County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ontonagon County
Osceola County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Saginaw County
Sanilac County
Schoolcraft County
Shiawassee County
St. Clair County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. October 31, 2014. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=531.