Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Sandy, dryish, open river terraces above the present shores.
This is a midwestern species, presumably native but not discovered in Michigan until 2011, when found near the Black River in Gogebic Co. by I. Shackleford. It is known from adjacent areas of Wisconsin.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 14, 2017. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2899.