Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
A European species, rarely established in dry, sandy open disturbed soil. Collected in Berrien Co. by M. A. Kohring in 1976.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 11, 2017. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2246.